Waste Disposal for your business – Where to start

Starting a business means a lot of time and consideration into different factors, the building, the staff and the unique selling points of the company are all instant considerations. One thing that is often overlooked at the start and can cause widespread panic amongst business owners is waste disposal and how it works within a business.

recyclebins

If your business is producing a vast amount of waste then this will need to be pre-planned to ensure that your business abides by all the legal requirements. If your business is producing potentially hazardous waste then more steps will be taken. Whatever your business needs, whether you are producing factory waste, general office waste or restaurant waste these steps will know how to deal with it before it becomes a problem.

Does your business need an environmental permit?

If your business produces waste or emissions that effect the surrounding air, water or land you may need an environmental permit. Depending on your location and local council, you may also need a local authority environmental permit.

If your business produces emissions into the air you will need a part B permit, whereas there is a short list of specific works that will need you to apply for a part A(2) waste permit. These include:

The refining of gas, metal works which can include casting of iron, steel or ferrous metals. A part A(2) permit is also required for those surface treating metals, grinding cement and metallurgical slag. If you are manufacturing tyres, glass, ceramic products or wood based boards then you will also require this waste permit. Other tasks which require a permit include animal carcases or waste.

If you come under any of these or require a permit you should seek information from the Environmental Agency to apply for a permit.

Seeking a professional waste disposal company

Local to our business is Map Waste Disposal, a company based in Leicester that can take all of our office wastes from all of the businesses under our brands umbrella. If you produce a large quantity of waste then you will need to take up this option. So before planning to far ahead, speak to a local waste disposal company to get more information and an approximate cost for the amount you plan to produce. You can either have them collect the waste from bins provided by them or seek out skip hire services to go ahead with large quantities or one of clearances.

Put a waste system in place

Ensure your employees have a system of waste disposal to abide by, supply the correct containers and documents with instructions of how to manage the waste. With a system in place you can have the waste collected weekly, fortnightly or monthly. You should ensure your employees all know their roles when it comes to the disposal of waste. Here End of Tenancy Cleaning London is working fine in cleaning industry.

Desperate for Fossil Fuels: King Coal

Now Destroying Mountains Once Merely Raped

Patriot Coal,I spent a lot of time in Eastern Kentucky growing up, it’s where my paternal grandparents, Aunt and cousins lived and where we spent vacations no matter where else in the country (or elsewhere) we were living at the time (Navy brat). I’ve no more relatives there, the last of them died a decade ago and none of us siblings chose to live there for raising our own families or even retiring in our old age.

I do recall several very nasty UMW strikes in the mining region around Harlan, and I recall the black moonscape on the Green River near Paducah’s western shipping point that stretched as far as the eye could see in all directions, the coal tailings having turned a lovely rolling greenscape into utterly depressing nothing. I also recall learning to shoot my father’s beautiful pearl-handled six-guns at the abandoned strip mine near Laurel, and one touristy adventure in a no longer operating underground mine where we rode through in one of those little coal rail cars as if it were an amusement park ride.

These days they do things a little differently, as the deep seams get harder to work (and miners become more rare, having been decimated by Black Lung) and the easy seams have all been stripped. Now they’re going for the mid-seams, the last of the stored coal, by simply blowing up the entire mountain to get to it.

It’s called Mountaintop Removal mining, and it’s utterly devastating the southern Appalachians in the traditional coal mining regions of Tennessee, Kentucky and West Virginia. It’s a horror even worse than Mister Peabody’s tailings outside Paducah. It’s destroyed ~500 whole mountains so far, it’s polluting mountain streams that contribute to the primary water supplies for millions of people downstream, and it’s killing the abundant biodiversity these mountains are so very famous for. Most of all, for those of us who dearly love these gorgeous mountains, it’s very, very tragic. Some of the mines are as big as the Island of Manhattan.

map

When growing up with strong ties to Kentucky, I learned from my Aunt – a state social worker – that King Coal was an “economic boom” to the people who traditionally made their means by doing things for themselves with what the mountains provided. Yet what I saw was crushing poverty, Black Lung, and a hopeless generation of young people who couldn’t wait to get as far away from their family’s traditional homesteads as possible. It’s not like the miners and their families got any of the great wealth King Coal brought to the mining companies, their stockholders and the industrial consumers of the coal taken out of their ground.

When my family determined to move back to the land 16 years ago to see if we could re-invent self-sufficiency and commune with nature instead of a million-plus other humans in immediate proximity, we chose Western North Carolina instead of Kentucky. Or Tennessee. Or West Virginia, or even Virginia (the most perfectly beautiful and well-maintained state in the union, IMO). We chose it for being Appalachia and beautiful (tourism is our largest industry), for more sophisticated residents and politics, for then-reasonable land prices, and for not being enslaved to King Coal.

movementBut alas, this is the land of Duke Energy, and a thriving piedmont and coast full of large energy consumers. Turns out that North Carolina is the #1 consumer of coal mined by means of Mountaintop Removal. Thus I was greatly pleased when the NC State Legislature introduced a bill in May of 2008 to ban the use of coal mined by this method within the borders of our beautiful state!

There will be a lengthy legislative fight over the bill, but hope in the very fact that we did get a law back in 1983 banning development on high ridge lines – thereby destroying the mountain views from which a majority of residents make their living. Because the mountains are a gold mine simply for their beauty, there is strong incentive to keep them beautiful.

I realize that many or most of my readers don’t live in these mountains, but any of us who love the land and work hard to make our way lightly on this earth should get to know about how desperate the corporate evil-doers are to squeeze (and blast) the very last drop of profit from the earth, not caring how much irrevocable damage they do to it in the process. Educate yourself about the issue by perusing some of the great links below. Write to your state and federal representatives about your concerns, talk to activists about how to ban the burning of this ill-gotten coal in your state, and support some of these efforts to save the mountains. Please!

If there is no market for this coal, King Coal has no reason to destroy the mountains.

Links:

WattHead: Taking Mountain Top Removal On
Appalachian Voices: Geography of Mountaintop Removal
iLoveMountains: Mountaintop Removal
DKos: Mountain Mondays v 1.0
RAN: Bringing the Climate Fight to King Coal
Southern Environmental Law Center: Mountaintop Removal [TN]
NYT: Ravaging Appalachia
Stop Mountaintop Removal

MTR: Big Win for the Good Guys!!!

Patriot Agrees to End Mountaintop Removal

Patriot Coal,Patriot Coal, one of the largest coal companies operating in Appalachia, has announced that it will end its surface mining operations – including mountaintop removal – in return for an extension on the time schedule for installing expensive pollution controls at several of its West Virginia mines. The agreement was negotiated by attorneys from Appalachian Mountain Advocates representing the Sierra Club, Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition, and the West Virginia Highlands Conservancy. Patriot filed for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy this past July, though this settlement arises from previous litigation by the groups against Patriot.

The original lawsuits were about selenium pollution in violation of the Clean Water Act. The groups submitted evidence that Patriot and three of its subsidiaries were releasing selenium above allowable limits at 42 outlets discharging from ten West Virginia mines. The settlement involves 8 specific actions Patriot agreed to take –

1. Retire significant and expensive infrastructure that is essential for mountaintop removal mining, including immediately retiring the Catenary drag line and retiring the Hobet drag line by the end of 2015.

2. Agree not to allow infrastructure such as haul roads and coal preparation plants to be used by other mining companies in Central Appalachia, except as required by existing agreements and arrangements.

3. Relinquish its remaining rights under a Clean Water Act section 404 fill permit that was already issued for the Colony Bay complex. Withdraw two section 404 permit applications – one for a Hobet Coyote mine and one for a Colony Bay mine – currently pending before the Army Corps [of Engineers].

4. Commit not to file any new applications for section 404 permits for large-scale surface mines.

5. Commit not to open any stand-alone surface mines, with the exception of the Huff Creek metallurgical coal mine for which an application for a section 404 permit is currently pending. Provided, however, that the groups retain the right to challenge the section 404 permit for the Huff Creek mine if EPA indicates in writing that it has concerns about the mine’s impacts on water quality.

6. Limit small scale surface mining to facilities associated with existing and planned underground mining complexes.

7. Commit that coal production from remaining surface mining will not exceed 3 million tons per year by 2018, and that production from surface mines will never exceed that amount.

8. Donate $500,000 to a West Virginia non-profit organization to be identified by the parties.

The specifics of the Clean Water Act, Section 404 allows the discharge of dredged or fill material into the navigable waters at specified disposal sites. This is one aspect of mountaintop removal mining that most damages the environment, as thousands of tons of rock and debris are dumped into what used to be the mountain drainage watercourses that are the headwaters for downstream reservoirs and rivers from which populated areas draw their drinking water.

The Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] regulates selenium for both marine life and drinking water as a naturally occurring toxin. Mining operations tend to concentrate the natural selenium in their rubble and waste streams, in the case of Patriot’s mines thereby violating the established ‘safe’ limits for the metal, which in trace amounts is nutritionally essential. At high levels it is toxic to all marine life forms as well as wildlife and humans who drink contaminated water.

The term Metallurgical Coal refers to “coking coal,” which is low-sulfur, low-ash coal that can be heated to remove volatiles and produce porous coke that produces very high heat but little smoke and is used in the making of metals.

The statement from Patriot:

Patriot Coal has concluded that the continuation or expansion of surface mining, particularly large scale surface mining of the type common in central Appalachia, is not in its long term interests. Today’s proposed settlement commits Patriot Coal to phase out and permanently exit large scale surface mining and transition our business primarily toward underground mining and related small scale surface mining.

Patriot Coal recognizes that our mining operations impact the communities in which we operate in significant ways, and we are committed to maximizing the benefits of this agreement for our stakeholders, including our employees and neighbors. We believe the proposed settlement will result in a reduction of our environmental footprint.

This settlement is consistent with Patriot Coal’s business plan to focus capital on expanding higher margin metallurgical coal production and limiting thermal coal investments to selective opportunities where geologic and regulatory risks are minimized.

Patriot Coal urges the Court to approve the settlement because it strengthens the Company’s ability to continue operating with our nearly 4000 employees, and significantly increases the likelihood that we will emerge from the chapter 11 process as a viable business, able to satisfy our environmental and other obligations.

Links to WLJ Coverage of Coal Issues:

Desperate for Fossil fuels: King Coal
Old King Coal, a Filthy Old Soul
Old King Coal vs. Reality
EPA Halts MTR Permits for Review
The Last Mountain: A Call to Action
The Mountains Cry: A Vibrant Voice Passes On

Five Tips For Choosing the Best Solar Panel

Choosing the best solar panel for your home depends on more than just size and cost but these are often the deciding factors for people when they start thinking about installing a solar panel system for their home. It is important to do your homework before making any choices or contacting specific dealers. Solar panel systems involve a large capital investment so you want to make certain you are receiving the best system fat the best price for you home.

solar panel

When beginning the process you should start by analyzing the cost to purchase and install the system against the benefits it will deliver in terms of the potential energy and carbon savings. Here are five important characteristics to consider in order to identify the best solar panel for your home.

Efficiency

The size of your roof will determine how many panels can be installed. One of the most important things to evaluate is the solar efficiency of each panel. Panel efficiency is expressed as a percentage of the amount of electricity a single panel produces per surface area. The higher the number the more efficient the panel is and the smaller surface you will need. This figure is really important because the amount of power you can generate depends on the surface area of your roof and the efficiency of the solar panel you choose to use.

Dimensions

The measurements or size of the solar panel you choose will ultimately determine the number of panels you will be able to install. It is important to engage the services of a professional solar panel sales professional and installer & SolarQuotes provider to help you understand how much weight your roof can handle and whether or not the panel system will meet local fire and building codes and work effectively and efficiently for your home’s location.

Durability

Adding solar to your home is a major capital investment and will affect the value of your home. It is important to consider how the panels are manufactured and what materials are used in its construction. It is smart to look for manufacturers that fall into the top 2% Of all solar manufacturers because these manufacturers are vertically integrated, controlling every stage of the manufacturing process. This means these companies invest a lot of money into research and development and use advanced robotics. They also have a quality control process that covers every stage in the manufacturing process and they have been in the business of manufacturing solar panels for 5 years or more. These manufacturers use the best grade of silicon to produce solar cells which results in greater efficiency and durability of the solar cells. The most reputable solar panels will carry a warranty period of at least 25 years.

Company History and Financial Condition

When you choose a manufacturer make certain they are in a healthy financial state and will be around to service their products over the long term. Avoid small, fly by night companies. This industry is highly competitive and companies come and go all the time. Look for a well established solar company that has a solid track record of performance and financial stability.

Type of Solar Cells and Tolerances

There are three types of solar cells used to manufacture solar panels: Monocrystalline silicon, Polycrystalline silicon, and Amorphous or thin-film silicon. Monocrystalline silicon cells provide high efficiency and good heat tolerance characteristics. Polycrystalline silicon cells are the most popular cells being used for residential installations because many improvements have been made in developing solar modules using these cells and now they offer equal or better performance in terms of heat tolerance, size and efficiency. Thin-film uses the least amount of silicon and tends to deliver the least efficient solar cell performance.

Heat tolerance is another very important aspect of solar panel performance and indicates the range a panel will exceed or fail to meet its rated power. A positive tolerance rating means the panel will generate a specific wattage and even more under standard testing conditions. The temperature co-efficient is also important because temperatures impact a panel’s operation after installation. Look for panels that have a lower percentage per degree Celsius. The lower the percentage the better the performance and the less impact the temperature will have on the panel.

Doing proper research and understanding the important characteristics of a solar panel will help you select the best solar panel for your home and location. It is always wise to work with a solar panel expert who can help explain the differences and someone who understands the local environment and solar market. A solar professional can also provide you with solar quotes so you can compare the costs to benefits of different solar panel systems.